Thursday, October 16, 2008

Zhang Yuning

Zhang Yuning is a Chinese who currently plays for Liaoning F.C..


He is a tall, strong centre forward who had a prolific record in Chinese football. He is also a full international for . He is known as the Chinese David Beckham .

He arrived in Australia after being ordered to pay 2.34 million Yuan compensation to a fellow team-mate who was left a paraplegic following a car crash in which Zhang, who was driving, was only slightly injured.

Yuning Zhang repeatedly failed to make the field or bench of Roar teams under Frank Farina, and has since been released. Zhang was a pack-a-day , which didn't help his fitness and health.

Previous Clubs

*1994 Jia-A ? apps ? goals
*1995 Beijing Shougang Yi ? apps ? goals
*1996 Jia-B ? apps ? goals
*1997 Jia-B ? apps 11 goals
*1998 Jia-B ? apps 14 goals
*1999 Jia-A 23 apps 8 goals
*2000 Jia-A 17 apps 11 goals
*2001 Liaoning Jia-A 19 apps, 11 goals
*2002 Liaoning Jia-A 13 apps, 5 goals
*2003 Shanghai Shenhua Jia-A 22 apps, 13 goals
*2004 Shanghai Shenhua 10 apps, 3 goals
*2005 Shanghai Shenhua CSL 14 apps, 5 goals
*2006 Shanghai Shenhua CSL 8 apps, 1 goal
*2006-07 Queensland Roar FC 6 apps, 0 goals
*2008 Liaoning CSL

Zhang Xueliang

Zhang Xueliang or Chang Hsüeh-liang , nicknamed the ''"Young Marshal"'' , became the effective ruler of Manchuria and much of North China after the assassination of his father Zhang Zuolin by the Japanese on 4 June 1928. As an instigator of the Xi'an incident he spent over 50 years under house arrest, but is regarded by the People's Republic of China as a patriotic hero.


Zhang was educated by private tutors and, unlike his father, felt at ease in the company of westerners. Zhang Xueliang graduated from Fengtian Military Academy, was made a Colonel in the Fengtian Army, and was appointed commander of his father's bodyguards in 1919. In 1921, he was sent to Japan to observe military maneuvers, where he developed a special interest in aircraft. Later, he developed an air corps for the Fengtian Army, which was widely used in the battles which took place within the Great Wall during the 1920s. In 1922, he was advanced to Major General and commanded an army-sized force, two years later he was also made commander of the air units. Upon the death of his father in 1928, he succeeded him as the strongest warlord in Manchuria. In December of the same year he proclaimed his allegiance to the Kuomintang .

Manchurian warlord and republican general

The Japanese believed that Zhang Xueliang, who was known as a womanizer and an opium addict, would be much more subject to Japanese influence. An officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army therefore killed his father Zhang Zuolin by exploding a bomb above his train while it crossed under a railroad bridge. Surprisingly, the younger Zhang proved to be more independent than anyone had expected. With the assistance of William Henry Donald, he overcame his opium addiction and declared his support for Chiang Kai-shek. He was given the nickname of 千古功臣 by PRC historians not because it was good that he was supporting the KMT, but because he wanted China to be reunited and was willing to pay the price and become "vice" leader of China. In order to rid his command of Japanese influence he had two prominent pro-Tokyo officials executed in front of the assembled guests at a dinner party in January 1929. It was a hard decision for him to make. The two had powers over the heads of others. Zhang also tried to eliminate influence from Manchuria, but relented in the face of a Soviet military build-up. At the same time, however, he developed closer relations with the United States.

In 1930, when warlords Feng Yuxiang and Yan Xishan attempted to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang government, Zhang Xueliang stepped in to support the Nanjing government against the northern warlords in exchange for control of the key railroads in Hebei Province and the customs revenues from the port city of Tianjin. Following the Mukden Incident and the Japanese invasion of Zhang's own domain of Manchuria in 1931, Zhang's armies withdrew from the front lines without significant engagements. There has been speculation that Chiang Kai-Shek wrote a letter to Zhang asking him to pull his forces back, but later Zhang stated that he himself issued the orders. Apparently Zhang was aware of how weak his forces were compared to the Japanese, and wished to preserve his position by retaining a sizeable army. Nonetheless this would still be in line with Chiang's overall strategic standings. Zhang later traveled in Europe before returning to China to take command of the Communist Suppression Campaigns first in Hebei-Henan-Anhui and later in the Northwest.

Xi'an incident, house arrest, and later life

On 6 April 1936, Zhang Xueliang met with Zhou Enlai to plan the end of the Chinese Civil War. In the Xi'an incident , Zhang and another general Yang Hucheng kidnapped Chiang Kai-shek and imprisoned the head of the Kuomintang government until he agreed to form a with the Communists against the Japanese invasion.

Chiang at the time took a non-aggressive position against Japan and considered the Communists to be a greater danger to the government of Republic of China than the Japanese, and his overall strategy was to annihilate the Communists before focusing his efforts on the Japanese. However, growing nationalist anger against Japan made this position very unpopular, leading to Zhang's action against Chiang.

After the negotiations, Chiang agreed to unite with the Communists and drive the Japanese out of China. When Chiang was released, Zhang chose to travel with him, thinking to make sure Chiang did as he said he would. However, once they were away from Zhang's loyal troops, Chiang had him put under house arrest and reintroduced him to opium, turning him into an addict again. Chiang then had him sign a confession for numerous crimes he didn't commit.

Zhang Xueliang was tried, convicted, and sentenced to ten years in prison. Chiang Kai-shek intervened and Zhang was placed under house arrest, where Chiang made sure he was kept using opium. In 1949 with the evacuation of the Republic of China from mainland China, Zhang was transferred to Taiwan where he remained under house arrest, spending his time studying Ming dynasty poetry and the Bible. Only in 1990, after the death of Chiang's son and successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, did he gain his freedom. Zhang was probably the world's longest-serving political prisoner.

After regaining his freedom, he emigrated to Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1993. There were numerous pleas for him to visit mainland China, but Zhang, claiming his political neutrality towards both the Communists and the Nationalists , declined. He never set foot in mainland China again. He died of pneumonia at the age of 100 and was buried in Hawaii.

Zhang Jinghui

Zhang Jinghui; Simplified Chinese: or Wade-Giles: Chang Ching-hui, was a Chinese general and politician during the Warlord Era. He is noted for his role in the establishment the Japanese puppet regime of Manchukuo and served as its second and last Prime Minister.


Zhang was born in , southwest of Mukden, Liaoning Province. He joined the army at an early age and worked for Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin. He deserted Zhang Zuolin to join with Wu Peifu's Zhili clique. He later rejoined Zhang Zuolin and served as his Minister of War at Peking from May 1926 to June 1927. He then served as Minister of Enterprises from June 1927 to June 1928. Within the year he was appointed governor of the Harbin and China Eastern Railway Special District in northern Manchuria.

After the successful invasion of Manchuria by the Japanese Kwantung Army in 1931, Zhang called a conference in his office on 27 September 1931 to organize an "Emergency Committee of the Special District", with the goal of achieving the secession of Manchuria from China. Following the expulsion of Kuomintang General Ma Zhanshan from Qiqihar, Zhang proclaimed his territory to be self-governing, and was inaugurated as governor on 7 January 1932. Uncertain of the intentions of the Soviet Union to the north, and unable to withstand the presence to the south, Zhang reached an agreement with Japanese, and was appointed as governor of Heilongjiang Province in the new Japanese-run state of Manchukuo. However, his refusal to leave his stronghold in Harbin to take up residence in Qiqihar, created friction with the Kwangtung Army leadership.

However, when Ma Zhanshan agreed to terms with the Japanese on 14 February 1932 in exchange for the post of Governor of Heilongjiang Province, Zhang was set aside. Ma later revolted in April 1932 and Zhang took his place as Minister of Defense of Manchukuo.

On 21 May 1935, Zhang succeeded Zheng Xiaoxu as Prime Minister of Manchukuo at the instigation of the Kwantung Army over the objections of Emperor Puyi.

As Prime Minister of Manchukuo, Zhang preferred to take a passive figurehead role, allowing the Japanese advisors seconded from the Kwantung Army to handle all aspects of day-to-day administration, while he spent his days copying Buddhist sutras. Reviled by modern Chinese historians for his pro-Japanese stance, and nicknamed “the Tofu Prime Minister” even in his lifetime , Zhang was recorded to have only once spoken out against the Japanese administration – to criticize the forced sale of lands to Japanese colonists.

Zhang held the position of Prime Minister until the collapse of Manchukuo following the invasion of the Red Army in Operation August Storm in August 1945.

In 1943, a false report was published in Time Magazine stated that Zhang had poisoned his family and killed his Japanese advisor and other members of the Manchukuo government before committing suicide.

Following World War II Zhang was held in custody by the Soviet Union in Siberia and was extradited to the People's Republic of China in 1950, where he later died in captivity at the Fushun .

Zang Shiyi

Zang Shiyi; Simplified Chinese: or Wade-Giles: Tsang Shih-yi, , Chinese general who was Governor of Liaoning Province at the time of the invasion of Manchuria in 1932.


Zang was born in Shenyang county of Liaoning Province in 1885. He traveled to Japan, where he graduated from the cavalry school of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy. On his return to China, he was appointed for the Kuomingtang Army in Jilin Province. Together with Yan Yuting, he subsequently became Chief of staff of the business administration section of the Kuomingtang Army headquarters in Nanjing. After the death of Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin, he became governor of Liaoning Province in 1930.

After the Mukden Incident, Zang initially refused to cooperate with the Japanese and was imprisoned. However, he later decided to defect, and was re-appointed governor of Liaoning Province on 16 December 1931. He was part of the North Eastern Administrative Committee or Self-Government Guiding Board that made plans for a new State of Manchukuo to be established in February 1932.

From 21 May 1935, Zang served as president of the Manchukuo Senate. He later served as Minister for Home Affairs, and was Emperor Puyi's choice to replace Zheng Xiaoxu as Prime Minister of Manchukuo, . After the collapse of Manchukuo in August 1945 following the invasion in Operation August Storm, he was captured and held in custody in Siberia. He was extradited to the People's Republic of China in 1950, where he later died in captivity at the Fushun .

Yang Liwei

Yáng Lìwěi is a major general and military pilot and a astronaut. He was the first man sent into space by the space program of China, and his mission, ''Shenzhou 5'', made the PRC the third country to independently send people into space.


Born in Suizhong County of Huludao City in the Liaoning Province, an industrial area in Northeast China. Yang's mother was a teacher, his father an accountant at a state agricultural firm. Yang Liwei's wife is also a People's Liberation Army officer, with whom he has a son.

Growing up, his grades were average but he excelled in sciences. He loved to swim and skate and shone in track and field events.

In 1983, he was admitted to the Number 2 PLAAF flight academy and graduated four years later. He participated in the screening process for astronauts in 1996.

In the PLAAF, he logged 1350 hours of flight time as a fighter pilot before he went to space training.

Spaceflight career

Yang was selected as an astronaut candidate in 1998 and has trained for space flight since then. He was chosen from the final pool of 13 candidates to fly on China's first manned space mission. A former fighter pilot in the Aviation Military Unit of the PLA, he held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel at the time of his mission. He was promoted to full Colonel on October 20, 2003. According to the ''Youth Daily'', the decision had been made in advance of his spaceflight, but Yang was not made aware of it.

He was launched into space aboard his ''Shenzhou 5'' spacecraft atop a Long March 2F rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center at 09:00 on October 15, 2003. Prior to his launch almost nothing was made public about the Chinese astronaut candidates; his selection for the ''Shenzhou 5'' launch was only leaked to the media one day before the launch.

Yang Liwei has reported the apparition of abnormal vibrations 120 seconds after launch, he described as "very uncomfortable". As a consequence, corrective measures were swiftly taken to the design of the following carrier rocket for the Shenzhou-6.

Yang punctuated his journey with regular updates on his condition — variations of "I feel good", the last coming as the capsule floated to the ground after re-entry. He spoke to his wife as the Shenzhou 5 started its eighth circuit around the Earth, assuring her from space: "I feel very good, don't worry". He ate specially designed packets of shredded pork with garlic, Kung Pao chicken and eight treasure rice , along with Chinese herbal tea. In the middle of the journey, state television broadcast footage of Yáng waving a small flag of the People's Republic of China and that of the United Nations inside his capsule.

State media said Yang's capsule was supplied with a gun, a knife and tent in case he landed in the wrong place.

Yang's craft landed in the grasslands of the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia at around 06:30 CST on October 16, 2003 , having completed 14 orbits and travelled more than . Yang left the capsule about 15 minutes after landing, and was congratulated by Wen Jiabao. But the astronaut's bleeding lips seen in the official images broadcasted sparked rumours of a hard landing confirmed by accounts of personnel present at the landing site.

Although the first Chinese citizen in space, Yang Liwei is not the first person of Chinese origin in space. Shanghai-born Taylor Wang flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-51-B in 1985. Wang, however, had become a United States citizen in 1975. Shannon Lucid was also born in Shanghai to American missionary parents, and ''Apollo 8'' astronaut William A. Anders was born in Hong Kong, but neither were of Chinese ethnicity. There have also been a number of American-born Chinese astronauts sent into space by NASA.

Yang visited Hong Kong on October 31, 2003, holding talks and sharing his experiences during a six-day stay in the territory. The visit coincided with an exhibition that featured his reentry capsule, spacesuit and leftover food from his 21 hour mission. On November 5, he travelled to Macau.

On November 7, Yang received the title of "Space Hero" from Jiang Zemin, the Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission . He also received a badge of honour during a ceremony at the Great Hall of the People. The Chinese University of Hong Kong has given Yáng an honorary doctorate.

The asteroid 21064 Yangliwei and the ''Dalingheornis liweii'' are named after him.


In a similar move taken by the Soviet Union and the United States an official decision to no longer assign him to spaceflight missions was made. Yang was promoted to Major General on July 22nd, 2008.

Xiao Zhanbo

Xiao Zhanbo is a Chinese who currently plays for Shanghai Shenhua.


Uyunqimg is the highest-ranking ethnic official and third-highest ranking female official in the People's Republic of China . She currently serves as a Vice-Chair of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the Chinese legislature.


Originally from Beipiao County, Liaoning, she entered the workforce in August 1964, and became a member of the Communist Party of China in July 1966. She graduated from the Inner Mongolia Party School.

Uyunqimg rose to prominence politically in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In August 2000 she became the Vice party chief of the Inner Mongolian CPC Committee, and the Vice Chairman and Acting Chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. From 2001 to April 2003, she served as the Chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. At the 2003 National People's Congress session held in March, she became a Vice-Chair of its Standing Committee, the body which acts as a day-to-day legislative body when the NPC is not in session.